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Understanding Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder: Diagnosis, Demographic Variations, Behavioral Trends, and an Adlerian Methodology
Individuals with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD) often lead to enormous costs to society, especially when left untreated. This paper is designed to help clinicians understand and work with this population. First, this paper describes the current diagnostic criteria for ODD and CD, and the upcoming changes to these disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders 5 (DSM5). Second, issues of age, gender, and culture are explored as they relate to an individual’s presentation of ODD and CD. Third, behavioral trends are examined as they relate to prognosis and treatment options. Fourth, an Adlerian methodology is included to help clinicians qualitatively understand and work with this population.
Keywords: Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Adlerian Psychology, DSM5.
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